Notice to appear at a trial or hearing and produce documents in California

A notice to appear at a trial or hearing and produce documents in California is the topic of this blog post.

A notice to appear at a trial or hearing and produce documents in California is technically known as a notice in lieu of subpoena duces tecum as the notice can be used instead of a subpoena duces tecum.

Law authorizing a notice to appear at a trial or hearing and produce documents in California.

A notice to appear at a trial or hearing and produce documents in California is authorized by the provisions of Code of Civil Procedure § 1987(b) and (c) and can only be used on a party to the action or proceeding, or someone who is an officer, director, or managing agent of any such party.  One of the main advantages of using the notice to appear is that service may be made by mail in most cases, instead of personal service as is required with a standard subpoena.

Code of Civil Procedure § 1987 states in pertinent part that,

“(b) In the case of the production of a party to the record of any civil action or proceeding or of a person for whose immediate benefit an action or proceeding is prosecuted or defended or of anyone who is an officer, director, or managing agent of any such party or person, the service of a subpoena upon any such witness is not required if written notice requesting the witness to attend before a court, or at a trial of an issue therein, with the time and place thereof, is served upon the attorney of that party or person. The notice shall be served at least 10 days before the time required for attendance unless the court prescribes a shorter time. If entitled thereto, the witness, upon demand, shall be paid witness fees and mileage before being required to testify. The giving of the notice shall have the same effect as service of a subpoena on the witness, and the parties shall have those rights and the court may make those orders, including the imposition of sanctions, as in the case of a subpoena for attendance before the court.

(c) If the notice specified in subdivision (b) is served at least 20 days before the time required for attendance, or within any shorter period of time as the court may order, it may include a request that the party or person bring with him or her books, documents, electronically stored information, or other things. The notice shall state the exact materials or things desired and that the party or person has them in his or her possession or under his or her control. Within five days thereafter, or any other time period as the court may allow, the party or person of whom the request is made may serve written objections to the request or any part thereof, with a statement of grounds. Thereafter, upon noticed motion of the requesting party, accompanied by a showing of good cause and of materiality of the items to the issues, the court may order production of items to which objection was made, unless the objecting party or person establishes good cause for nonproduction or production under limitations or conditions. The procedure of this subdivision is alternative to the procedure provided by Sections 1985 and 1987.5 in the cases herein provided for, and no subpoena duces tecum shall be required.

Subject to this subdivision, the notice provided in this subdivision shall have the same effect as is provided in subdivision (b) as to a notice for attendance of that party or person.”

Advantages of a notice to appear at a trial or hearing and produce documents in California.

But the best advantage of all to serving a notice to appear at a trial or hearing and produce documents in California is the fact that a party who has failed to request certain essential or critical documents during the discovery phase of the litigation process, and the existence of those documents is known, and the documents can be clearly identified, that party can prepare and serve the notice on the other party to compel them to appear and produce the requested documents at the trial or hearing.

If only the attendance of the person as a witness is required, then service of the notice to appear at a trial or hearing and produce documents in California must be made personally at least ten (10) calendar days before the trial or hearing, or fifteen (15) calendar days before the trial or hearing if service is made by mail under the provisions of Code of Civil Procedure § 1987(b).

Service should be made on the party or their attorney if they have one

If production of documents is required, then service of the notice to appear at a trial or hearing and produce documents in California must be made personally at least twenty (20) calendar days before the trial or hearing, or twenty five (25) calendar days before the trial or hearing if service is made by mail under the provisions of Code of Civil Procedure § 1987(c). Service should be made on the party or their attorney if they have one. The notice should state the exact materials or things desired with as much specificity a possible, as well as a statement that the person has them in their possession, or under their control.

The giving of the notice to appear at a trial or hearing and produce documents in California shall have the same effect as service of a subpoena on the witness, and the parties shall have those rights and the court may make those orders, including the imposition of sanctions, as in the case of a subpoena for attendance before the court.  See Code of Civil Procedure § 1987(b).

Civil litigation attorney in Southern California.

An experienced litigation attorney can evaluate your situation and determine if serving a notice to appear at a trial or hearing in California is appropriate given the unique circumstances of your case.   Contact attorney Nathan Mubasher for a free consultation and evaluation of your case.

Schedule a free consultation today with attorney Nathan Mubasher.

Call (800) 691-2721 and let’s talk about your options.

CONTACT INFORMATION FOR NATHAN MUBASHER:

Law Offices of Nathan Mubasher
2621 Green River Rd, Ste 105 PMB 403
Corona, CA 92882
tel 1-800-691-2721 | fax 1-310-356-3660
www.mubasherlaw.com

DISCLAIMER:

Thank you for reading. I hope I could have been educational as I endeavor to provide my knowledge as a free public service. Please note that all the materials and information on this blog are general analyses made available for the public’s general informational purposes only. These analyses are not in any way intended to serve as specific legal advice to be applied in your particular situation. Although I am an attorney, absent a signed retention and engagement letter, I am not your attorney. There are no exceptions to this rule. Moreover, you shall not rely on the information I am providing you, as it is only for your general knowledge and educational purposes, since this information would likely change based on any additional facts. Thus the transmission and receipt of information on this blog by anyone does not form or constitute an attorney-client relationship. My knowledge of laws is limited to California. Anyone receiving any information on this blog should not act upon the information provided without first obtaining the services of professional legal counsel licensed in their respective jurisdiction. Best of luck.

 

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Author: nathanmubasher

Attorney Nathan Mubasher earned a post-doctorate LL.M. in International Financial Transactions with emphasis on Money Laundering and Compliance at Thomas Jefferson School of Law, a J.D. at American College of Law, and his B.A. at University of California, Riverside. He is a member of the State Bar of California and is admitted to practice before all state and federal courts in California. He is also an active member of the American Health Lawyers Association and the California Society for Healthcare Attorneys. He has performed over 1,000 mediations and has Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) training from the United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR).

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